Infant methemoglobinemia is also called “blue baby syndrome.” It is a condition where a baby’s skin turns blue. This happens when there is not enough oxygen in the blood.
What is blue baby syndrome caused by?
Blue baby syndrome is typically caused by abnormalities in the heart, lungs, or blood. Normally, after receiving oxygen from the lungs, blood is delivered from the heart to the rest of the body. When it returns to the heart, the blood is sent to the lungs to collect more oxygen.
What does being a blue baby mean?
Blue baby: A baby who is cyanotic (blue), due usually to a heart malformation that prevents the baby’s blood from being fully oxygenated. The bluish color reflects the deoxygenated state of the blood.
How many cases of blue baby syndrome are there?
Today the disease has all but disappeared, with reports appearing only sporadically in the literature. Only two cases have been reported since the mid-1960s and none since 2000.
What is a GREY baby?
The gray baby syndrome is a type of circulatory collapse that can occur in premature and newborn infants and is associated with excessively high serum levels of chloramphenicol. 425. It is characterized by an ashen-gray color, abdominal distention, vomiting, flaccidity, cyanosis, circulatory collapse, and death.
Can blue babies survive?
Studies show that the long-term survival of “blue babies” and other patients with congenital heart defects is reasonably good. Over 90 percent of the patients are alive 20 years after the first conduit operation, while the mortality rate within 30 days after the operation is less than 1 percent, reoperations included.
Can a baby be born with blue baby syndrome?
Infant methemoglobinemia is also called “blue baby syndrome.” It is a condition where a baby’s skin turns blue. This happens when there is not enough oxygen in the blood. Methemoglobinemia is a condition that some babies are born with (congenital) or some develop early in life (acquired).
What are blue babies sweets?
Fizzy Blue Babies are a delicious Fruit Flavoured Jelly coated in a Fizzy, Sour Sugar Coating. … Cute in appearance with a sour, tangy, fruit flavour, mmmmm!
Are babies born blue normal?
It is important to note that healthy babies are often born looking fairly bluish, but this should change within 30 seconds of their first breath (3). Shortly after birth, babies may also exhibit acrocyanosis, which is a bluish discoloration only in the hands, feet, and lips (2, 4).
What can lack of oxygen at birth cause?
Oxygen deprivation at birth is linked to a number of conditions that include cerebral palsy, and epilepsy. These babies can suffer from cognitive problems, intellectual deficiencies and developmental delays as they grow older, compared to babies who do not suffer from such oxygen deprivation.
Is blue baby syndrome genetic?
New research suggests that a once-fatal congenital heart defect – sometimes called “blue baby syndrome” – is influenced by genetic factors that are broadly found in the general population.
What is methemoglobinemia and how is it treated?
Methylene blue is used to treat severe cases of MetHb, and doctors may prescribe ascorbic acid to reduce the level of methemoglobin in the blood. In severe cases, a person may require a blood transfusion or exchange transfusion. Oxygen therapy will also be provided, if required.
What is red baby syndrome?
Red Baby Syndrome is a new disease seen in infants and young children. Dramatic onset of clinical symptoms with high intensity, short duration and lack of similarity with other cutaneous lesions makes it distinct. Of 50 such patients studied over a period of 5 years, half were below one year of age.
What is yellow baby syndrome?
Infant jaundice is yellow discoloration of a newborn baby’s skin and eyes. Infant jaundice occurs because the baby’s blood contains an excess of bilirubin (bil-ih-ROO-bin), a yellow pigment of red blood cells.
What causes bronze baby syndrome?
“Bronze baby” syndrome is a rare complication of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice occurring due to modified liver function, particularly cholestasis, of various origins. We report a case which occurred in a premature infant who developed a grey-brown coloration during phototherapy.