Illegal drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, and methamphetamine aren’t the only drugs that are harmful to fetal development; Commonly used over-the-counter medicines, along with substances such as caffeine and alcohol, can have lasting effects on an unborn child.
What are 4 harmful substances to a developing fetus?
These include certain chemicals, medications, social drugs, alcohol, smoking, and infections.
What can cause harm to a developing fetus?
Known teratogens include alcohol, smoking, toxic chemicals, radiation, viruses, some maternal health conditions, and certain prescription drugs. Amount: The amount of harm to a fetus increases the more the pregnant person consumes or is exposed to a teratogen.
What is a toxic pregnancy?
Preeclampsia, formerly called toxemia, is when pregnant women have high blood pressure, protein in their urine, and swelling in their legs, feet, and hands. It can range from mild to severe. It usually happens late in pregnancy, though it can come earlier or just after delivery.
Can drugs cause stillbirth?
Recent research shows that smoking tobacco or marijuana, taking prescription pain relievers, or using illegal drugs during pregnancy is associated with double or even triple the risk of stillbirth. Estimates suggest that about 5 percent of pregnant women use one or more addictive substances.
Which painkiller can cause miscarriage?
Nonaspirin NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, when taken during the early stages of pregnancy, can increase the risk of miscarriage. Scientists from the University of Montreal found that women who took these medications while pregnant were 2.4 times more likely to miscarry.
What happens if a baby is born with drugs in it’s system?
Once the supply of drugs (delivered through the mother’s umbilical cord) goes away, babies can experience painful withdrawal symptoms and other health problems. In newborns, this type of withdrawal is called neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). NAS can be caused by exposure to many different drugs.
What Can pregnancy trigger?
What health problems can develop during pregnancy?
- Iron Deficiency Anemia. Anemia occurs when your red blood cell count (hemoglobin or hematocrit) is low. …
- Gestational Diabetes. …
- Depression and Anxiety. …
- Fetal Problems. …
- High Blood Pressure Related to Pregnancy. …
- Infections. …
- Hyperemesis Gravidarum. …
What causes miscarriage?
Most miscarriages occur because the fetus isn’t developing as expected. About 50 percent of miscarriages are associated with extra or missing chromosomes. Most often, chromosome problems result from errors that occur by chance as the embryo divides and grows — not problems inherited from the parents.
How do you get toxemia of pregnancy?
Certain risk factors that may increase the chance of developing toxemia in pregnancy include being under the age of 15 or over the age of 35, having a personal history of preeclampsia or chronic high blood pressure, having a family history of preeclampsia, and having diabetes or chronic kidney disease.
Is inhaling bleach bad when pregnant?
What they may not know, however, is that common items around the house—including paint, paint removers, bleach, lye, cat boxes, and oven cleaners—can be dangerous to an unborn baby. Organizations such as the March of Dimes recommend that pregnant women avoid excessive exposure to these substances.
What happens if a newborn tests positive for drugs?
Exposure to maternal drug use during gestation may adversely affect neonatal development and may lead to acute adverse events, including neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and infant mortality. Prenatal drug exposure may also contribute to long-term behavioral effects and developmental deficits.